The term “shin splints” refers to pain along or just behind the shinbone (tibia) – the large bone in the front of your lower leg. Medically known as “medial tibial stress syndrome”, shin splints occur during physical activity and result from too much force being placed on your shinbone and connective tissues that attach your muscles to the bone. Shin splints are common in runners and in those who participate in activities with sudden stops and starts, such as basketball, soccer or tennis.
Tenderness, soreness or pain along the inner part of your lower leg
Mild swelling in your lower leg
A calf strain is an injury to the muscles and tendons in the back of the leg, below the knee. Often called a “pulled” muscle, a strain occurs when the muscle fibers or tendons are stretched or torn. This condition can occur during any physical activity where you push off forcefully from your toes. It may occur in running, jumping, or lunging.
Immediate calf pain
You may hear or feel a pop or snap in the calf
Difficulty rising on toes
Bruising and swelling may occur